Richton School District Homeless Liaison: Dr. Felicia McCardle
The McKinney-Vento Definition of Homeless
Subtitle VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (per Title IX, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act) defines homeless as follows:
The term “homeless children and youths”–
(A) means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence (within the meaning of section 103(a)(1)); and
(ii) children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings (within the meaning of section 103(a)(2)(C));
(iii) children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and
(iv) migratory children (as such term is defined in section 1309 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965) who qualify as homeless for the purposes of this subtitle because the children are living in circumstances described in clauses (i) through (iii).
*Per Title IX, Part A of the Every Student Succeeds Act, “awaiting foster care placement” was removed from the definition of homeless on December 10, 2016; the only exception to his removal is that “covered states” have until December 10, 2017 to remove “awaiting foster care placement” from their definition of homeless.
Title IX-A: Homeless Children & Youths ensures that students who lack a fixed and regular nighttime residence are provided a free, public education. This program was originally authorized in 1987 under Title VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. It was most recently reauthorized as Title IX-A of The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) on December 10, 2015.
Title IX-A of The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)
The Act ensures the educational rights and protections for children and youth experiencing homelessness and includes:
- The right to immediate enrollment in school even without giving a permanent address.
- The right to attend school in the school of origin (if requested and is feasible), or in the school in the attendance area where the family or youth is currently residing.
- The right to receive transportation to the school of origin.
- The right to services comparable to those received by housed schoolmates.
- The right to attend school along with children not experiencing homelessness.
- The posting of homeless student rights in all schools and other places around the community.
Pine Belt Coalition for the Homeless meets monthly at designated locations .